Environmental pollution avoidance efforts must take into account that marine environmental Pollution sources vary in size, origin, and nature of the pollutants. It should further be stressed that environmental pollution sources are by no means limited to major accidents. Marine environmental hydrocarbon pollution sources can be classified into the following types of environmental concerns:
(i) Oil exploration and production derived environmental pollution;
(ii) seaborne transportation of oil derived environmental pollution;
(iii) General maritime traffic and shipping operations derived environmental pollution;
(iv) Coastal activities derived environmental pollution;
Although events deriving from (i) and (ii) are the cause of the big oils leaks covered by the media, it is (iii) and (iv) that cause the greatest hydrocarbon leakage into the environment. How can this ongoing, accumulating environmental pollution be avoided?
Environmental pollution regulations increasingly encourage businesses to utilize on-line, automatic oil spill monitoring to provide an early alert that will address environmental concerns.
environmental pollution regulations
The law in Australia, the UK and other countries does not place any upper limit on the liability of operators of offshore petroleum facilities in terms of the clean-up and remedial costs resulting from oil spills. Civil penalties, criminal offenses, and actions in tort may also be applicable.